Wind Power

Wind Power

Background

China leads the world in the deployment of wind power, with more than one-third of global capacity. As of the end of 2017, China had roughly 164 GW of wind power capacity. In recent years China has also led the world in deployment of new wind power, with 15 GW of new installations in 2017 and 19 GW of new installations in 2016. Wind power provided roughly 5% of total electricity generation in China in 2017.17

China has significant wind power resources, especially in Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other northern and western provinces. (See map below.)

China’s wind resources: land-based resource potential (WPD ≥ 300 w/m2, 70 m height)

Curtailment is a significant challenge for the Chinese wind power industry, although the situation is improving. In 2016, China’s wind curtailment rate was roughly 17% nationally, with rates as high as 43% in Gansu and 38% in Xinjiang. In 2017, China’s wind curtailment rate was 12% nationally, with Gansu at 33% and Xinjiang at 29%.19

Policy

The 13th Five-Year Plan establishes a goal of 259 GW of grid-connected wind power by 2020 (including 5 GW of o shore wind). Each province is given specific deployment goals, including 27 GW for Inner Mongolia, 18 GW for Xinjiang and 18 GW for Hebei. The plan also establishes a goal of 420 TWh of electric generation from wind (which is roughly 6% of China’s total electricity generation).20

China’s feed-in-tariff for wind power dates to 2009. Rates vary by region and are declining slowly. For 2018, rates vary from 0.4 RMB/kWh in the north to 0.57 RMB/kWh in the south.21

References

17. NEA,“国家能源局新闻发布会介绍2017年度相关能源情况等” <NEA Press Conference on 2017 Energy Situation> (January 24, 2018), http://www.nea.gov.cn/2018-01/24/c_136921015.htm; China Energy Portal, “2017 Electricity & Other Energy Statistics” (February 6, 2018); NEA, “2016年风电并网运行情况” [Wind Power Integration Situation in 2016] (January 2017), http://www.nea.gov.cn/2017-01/26/c_136014615.htm; different sources have slightly different figures. See also REN21, “Renewables 2018” at table R2; Global Wind Energy Council, “Global Wind Statistics 2016” (February 2017), http://www.gwec.net/wp-content/uploads/vip/GWEC_PRstats2016_EN_WEB.pdf.

18. IEA, ERI (NDRC), “China Wind Energy Development Roadmap 2050” at pp.14–15, https://www.iea.org/ publications/freepublications/publication/china_wind.pdf.

19. NEA, “2017年风电并网运行情况” [2017 Wind Power Integration Situation] (February 1, 2018), http://www.nea.gov. cn/2018-02/01/c_136942234.htm; NEA, “可再生能源发电量1.7万亿千瓦时 同比增1500亿千瓦时” [2017 Renewable Electricity Generation Reached 1,700 TWh, Up By 150 TWh Year on Year] (January 24, 2018), http://www.nea. gov.cn/2018-01/24/c_136920162.htm; NEA, “2016年风电并网运行情况” [2016 Wind Power Integration Situation] (January 2017); Renewable Energy Policy Network for 21st Century (REN21), “Renewables 2017” at p.81.

20. NEA, “国家能源局关于可再生能源发展“十三五”规划实施的指导意见” [Guiding opinions on the implementation of the “13th FYP” for renewable energy development] (July 29, 2017), http://chinaenergyportal.org/en/guiding- opinions-implementation-13th-fyp-renewable-energy-development/; NEA, “风电发展“十三五”规划” [13th FYP development plan for wind power] (November 2016), http://chinaenergyportal.org/en/13th-fyp-development- plan-for-wind-power/, http://zfxxgk.nea.gov.cn/auto87/201611/t20161130_2323.htm.

21. NDRC, “关于完善风力发电上网电价政策的通知” [The Notice on Improving the Pricing Policy for Wind Power Prices] (July 2009), http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/fzgggz/jggl/zhdt/200907/t20090724_747772.html; NDRC, “关 于完善陆上风电光伏发电上网标杆电价政策的通知” [The Notice on Improving the Pricing Policy for Onshore Wind Power and On-Grid Solar Photovoltaic Power Prices] (December 2015), http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/201512/ W020151224503873121373.pdf; NDRC, “关于完善陆上风电光伏发电上网标杆电价政策的通知” [The Notice on Improving the Pricing Policy for Onshore Wind Power and On-Grid Solar Photovoltaic Power Prices] (December 2016), http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/201612/W020161228343668426918.pdf.

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