Vehicles produce roughly 8% of the heat-trapping gases emitted in China each year.1 This
percentage will increase in the years ahead as the Chinese vehicle stock grows and heavy
manufacturing declines as a percentage of the overall economy.
The Chinese government’s principal policies with respect to vehicle emissions are fuel
efficiency standards and support for electric vehicles. (The Chinese government uses the
term “new energy vehicle” to describe vehicles powered by fuels other than petroleum. In the
Chinese government’s new energy vehicle programs, electric vehicles receive by far the most
attention.) This chapter discusses China’s vehicle stock, fuel efficiency standards and electric
1. See IEA, “CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2017” at p.81, https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/CO2EmissionsfromFuelCombustionHighlights2017.pdf (in 2015, road transport accounted for 7.7% of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion); World Bank, “World Development Indicators,” http://wdi.worldbank.org/table/3.10 (accessed July 4, 2018) (in 2014, transport accounted for 8.6% of CO2 emissions); People’s Republic of China, “First Biennial Update Report on Climate Change” (December 2016) at pp.22 and 25, http://unfccc.int/files/national_reports/non-annex_i_parties/biennial_update_reports/application/pdf/pr_china-_burchinese+en.pdf (in 2012, transport accounted for 8.4% of CO2 emissions and CO2 emissions accounted for 83% of
total greenhouse gas emissions).