Carbon Dioxide

In 2018, China’s CO2 emissions were roughly 11 Gt—approximately 28% of the global total. Roughly 9.5 Gt were from combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas). Most of the remainder were industrial process emissions. China’s CO2 emissions exceeded those from the United States and European Union combined.[2]



Figure 1-1: CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels—2018


[2] EC Joint Research Centre, Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries (November 2018) at pp.8, 67 (10.87 Gt CO2 out of 37.1 global in 2017); BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019 (June 2019) at p.57 (9.43 Gt CO2 out of 33.89 Gt global in 2018, fossil fuel combustion only, 2.2% increase over 2017); IEA, Global Energy and CO2 Status Report 2018 (March 2019) at p.3 (9.5 Gt CO2 out of 33.1 Gt global, fossil fuel combustion only, 2.5% increase over 2017). On Chinese industrial process emissions, see Zhu Liu, “National carbon emissions from the industry process,” Applied Energy (March 15, 2016).

[3] BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019 (June 2019) at p.57. Roughly 90% of global CO2 emissions are from fossil fuels (excluding emissions from land use change and forestry). See J. Olivier and J. Peters, Trends in Global CO2 and Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 2018 Report, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (December 12, 2018) at pp. 9–10.

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